Term Insurance plans provide a death benefit for a fixed tenure. This is the most basic and also the most important type of life insurance policy available in the market.
There are certain sub-types of term life plans like level term plans, increasing term plans, decreasing term plans & term plan with return of premium.
Endowment plans are savings-oriented life insurance plans. These plans have both death benefit as well as maturity benefit.
Death Benefit is paid to the nominee if the life insured dies within the policy tenure and Maturity Benefit is paid to the policyholder if he survives the entire policy tenure.
Unit Linked insurance plans (ULIPs) are investment oriented insurance plans. Under these plans, the premiums paid are invested in the capital market. There are different types of investment funds and the policyholder can choose the fund in which the premium should be invested. ULIPs allow fund option to choose from equity, debt, balanced, liquid etc.
Child plans are life insurance plans created specifically for providing financial stability to the child. The parent or the child is the life insured under the plan. Usually, the parent is covered in a child plan.
There are 2 types of child insurance plans:
Whole Life Plans are unlimited Term Plans. These plans cover individuals till 99 or 100 years of age.
Pension plans are retirement-oriented life insurance plans. Under these plans, the policyholder creates a corpus from which regular annuity payouts are given till the insured is alive. Pension plans come in two variants - Deferred pension plans and Immediate annuity plans.
|Type of life insurance||Death benefit||Maturity benefit||Term of Cover||Tax saving||Primary purpose|
|Term Life||Yes||No||Fixed||Yes, Premium paid is tax-free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C and Death Benefit is tax-free in the hands of the nominee||Protect family against the loss of income so that living expenses can be taken care of after your death|
|Endowment plan||Yes||Yes||Fixed||Yes, Premium paid is tax-free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C Death Benefit is tax-free in the hands of the nominee Maturity benefit is tax-free U/S 10(10)D||Create a saving corpus|
|ULIP||Yes||Yes, market linked||Yes||Premium paid is tax free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C Death Benefit is tax-free in the hands of the nominee Maturity benefit is tax-free U/S 10(10)D||Create a saving corpus while investing in capital markets|
|Child Plan||Yes||Yes||Fixed||Yes, Premium paid is tax free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C Death Benefit is tax-free in the hands of the nominee Maturity benefit is tax-free U/S 10(10)D||Cover child’s education or major expenses|
|Pension Plan||Yes||Yes||Fixed||Yes, Premium paid is tax free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C Annuity is taxable in the hands of the annuitant but 1/3rd of the corpus can be withdrawn tax-free at the time of vesting U/S 10(10)A.||Saving for regular income post retirement|
|Whole life plan||Yes||Yes||Until death (up to 100 years)||Yes, Premium paid is tax free till Rs 1.5 lakhs p.a. U/S 80C Death Benefit is tax-free in the hands of the nominee Maturity benefit is tax-free U/S 10(10)D||Create a legacy benefit for heirs|
A life insurance plan pays your family a certain sum of money as death benefit (as mentioned in the policy) in event of your death while the policy is in force and/or provides returns as maturity proceeds after a set period (called policy term) when the policy terminates; in exchange of a premium.
There are different types of life insurance plans broadly the pure protection or term-life plans and investment plans.
In comparison to investment-type life insurance plans, term life plans only get you a death benefit and not any other return. However, the death benefits you get is substantial in comparison, typically 500-1000 times your annual premium. It would take an investment earning 10% interest for more than 65 years – a lifetime - to get a 500X return!
Term insurance is also quite cheap, e.g. for a 30-year-old, a cover of 50 lakhs, costs about Rs. 4,000 per year.
Life insurance plans are classified into two major types: Pure protection policies or term life plans: Life insurance term plan pays your family the death benefit as mentioned in the policy in case of your death while the policy is in force.
In comparison to investment-type life insurance plans, term life plans only get you a death benefit and not any other return.
Investment policies: Investment-type life insurance plan pays your family a certain sum of money as maturity returns after a set time period (called policy term) or the death benefit in event of your death (while the policy is in force); in exchange of a premium.
Typically maturity periods are ten, fifteen or twenty years upto a certain age limit, usually 65 years. Furthermore, these policies are traditional with-profits or unit linked (ULIP) plans. The death benefit you get is lesser in comparison to pure protection (term insurance) plans, typically 7 -10 times your annual premium.
If you have family members who are dependent on your income, you must buy a life cover (a term-life protection plan at the least) to secure their future in your absence.
Life insurance provides financial protection against several risk-hazards in the life of every person:
That of dying too soon leaving a dependent family without any means of regular income
That of living till old age without visible means of support
Paying off loans and other expenses like illness or accidents in your absence
Moreover, the death benefit is tax free to your family u/s 10(10D), and premiums get tax exemption u/s 80C.
The rule of thumb is that you should buy a life cover of at least 10 times, and ideally 20 times your annual salary, so that your family can continue to have similar quality of life even after the breadwinner dies.
Why would you need so much cover? Consider a simple scenario, where Anil, who’s salary is 5 lakhs, took the recommended minimum cover of 10 times salary, i.e. 50 lakhs. On his death, his family puts the 50 lakhs of payout corpus in a fixed deposit. With interest of 8% this would give 4 lakhs of substitute income for his family, to manage their day-to-day expenses. It’s less than before but should be fine since Anil’s expenses are no longer to be borne. Now if Anil had loans to pay or other unplanned costs come up, then the corpus will reduce and so will the interest income. Also with effect of inflation the interest income may not be enough as years pass by. So, to be fully safe ideal cover would be 20 times the salary.
Our experts can help with determining your cover need based on your income and savings. We also can help you and your family, plan for the best way to use the benefit payout, in case of an unfortunate event.
Life insurance provides two types of tax benefits:
The premiums you pay for a life insurance policy are eligible for tax deductions upto Rs1.5 lakhs under Section 80C (to the extent of 10% of sum assured or actual premiums paid whichever is less)
The death benefit (including any accumulated bonuses) received by the nominee is fully tax- free as per section 10 (10 D).
Any maturity proceeds received (other than death benefit) are tax-free provided, the premiums paid in any of the years during the term of the policy do not exceed 10% of the actual Sum Assured
You can always cancel your life insurance policy by informing your provider about your wish to cancel within the free look period which is 15 days. When you cancel your life insurance policy, you are officially 'surrendering' the policy.
Alternatively, if you stop paying your premiums, the insurance policy shall stand cancelled or lapsed and the cover will no longer apply. However, surrender of policy is not recommended since the surrender value would always be proportionately low.
Health insurance, also called as Mediclaim, is way to pay for advance medical treatments, that typically require you to be in-hospital overnight. It also covers certain other day procedures like cataract surgery, etc that don't require you to be hospitalized but are expensive nevertheless.
You pay a small premium every year to the insurance company, in return for which you get a large cover, typically 30-100 times the premium you paid. The insurance company collects many such small premiums from a large number of customers to create a pool from which they pay your claim. Insurance companies are able to offer you a cover several times the premium you paid simply because not everyone in the pool falls sick in the same year!
The prices on Turtlemint are the lowest you can find anywhere, including insurance company websites. In addition, with us you get the benefit of smart choices, personalised recommendations, and life-long claims support.
Insurance companies price policies based on mortality tables that capture data on death rates for various customer segments. Higher the risk of death higher the premium. Some of the factors that can influence your price include:
However, once bought, the premium stays constant throughout, as long as the policy is renewed without a break. Prices differ across insurers – so make sure you compare before you buy.
First and foremost, compare quotes across companies. Use our proprietary Value for Money (VFM) score and benefit illustrations to find policies that offer the most bang for your buck.
Choose a company that has a good and fast claim settlement record. You can see this data on Turtlemint.
Choose the right cover amount. Remember the thumb rule of 20 times your annual salary.
Turtlemint helps you with all of the above decisions. In addition, we offer free claims support to all our customers. So, give us a try right now!
Once you buy a Life Plan, keep your nominee aware of the latest policy copy. To make the claim, your nominee has to intimate the insurance company and provide necessary documents which will include copy of death certificate, hospital records, if any, identity and bank account proofs.
Your claim could be denied for any of the following reasons:
Life insurance policies have the following types of claims -
Life insurance plans should be bought only after comparing the available plans. Comparing lets you decide whether the plan is the best among the rest.
To compare life insurance plans, the following parameters should be used -
Only after the plan is compared on these parameters should it be chosen.
Riders are additional coverage features which are available with the basic life insurance policy. Policyholders can choose any rider depending on their coverage requirements. Each rider has an additional premium. Customers can choose multiple riders under the plan provided that the total rider premium does not exceed 30% of the premium of the basic life insurance plan.
Life insurance policies offer the following common riders -
Any one or multiple riders can be chosen along with the basic policy.
No, riders do not have a maturity benefit. They are applicable only if the insured contingency occurs.
If the policyholder does not wish to continue with the life insurance policy for the stated duration, the policy can be surrendered. Surrendering means termination of coverage. When the policy is surrendered, the surrender value is paid.
Life insurance plans do not cover death due to the following reasons -
Any one or multiple riders can be chosen along with the basic policy.
Premiums are payable on the specified due date. If the premiums are not paid within the due date, a grace period is allowed for paying the premium. If the premiums are not paid even during the grace period, the policy would lapse.
Grace period is the additional time which is allowed to the policyholder to pay the outstanding premiums. In case of a claim during the grace period, the benefit is paid after deducting the outstanding premium. The grace period is 30 days for policies where premiums are paid in the annual, half-yearly or monthly mode. In case of policies with monthly modes of premium, the grace period is, usually, 15 days.
If the policy lapses, the concept of paid-up value is applicable if the policyholder has paid the premium for at least 2 or 3 years, as the case may be. In such cases, the policy runs on a paid-up value which is the sum assured reduced to the extent of premiums paid against the total premiums payable. So, if in a policy of 20 years, premiums for 10 years have been paid, the sum assured would be reduced by 50% to arrive at the paid-up value.
If the policy has lapsed, the policyholder can pay the outstanding premiums and revive the policy. Revival is allowed within 2 years of the lapse of the policy.
Outstanding premiums and an additional interest would be required to revive a lapsed policy if the revival is done within 6-12 months of the lapse. If, however, revival is done later, a declaration of continued good health would also be required.
Every life insurance policy allows a free-look period of 15 days for the policyholder to cancel the policy if he/she is not satisfied with the policy. When the policy is cancelled in the free-look period, the premiums paid are refunded back after deducting them for the charges applicable in issuing the policy and the mortality risk for the period the policy was in force.\
Life insurance plans can allow premiums to be paid at once (single premium plans), for a limited period (limited premium plans) and also for the duration of the policy (regular premium plans). Policyholder can choose to pay the premium annually, half-yearly, quarterly or monthly.
In a life insurance premium calculator, the premium is calculated depending on the data fed into the calculator. The important data required for calculating premiums include -
After these details are entered, the calculator calculates and shows the premium charged by the life insurance plan
Yes, life insurance plans allow a variety of discounts which include -
The actual discounts which would be applicable would depend on the plan.
Life insurance premiums can be loaded for different reasons. These include the following -
The actual loading applied on the premium would depend on the underwriter.
If the insured commits suicide within a year of buying the plan, the premiums paid are refunded back. If the insured commits suicide within a year of reviving a lapsed policy, higher of the surrender value under the plan or 80% of the premiums paid are refunded. In case of suicide committed any other time, the promised death benefit is paid
Yes, savings oriented life insurance plans, except ULIPs, provide a loan facility. Under this facility, up to 90% of the plan’s surrender value can be taken by the policyholder as loan.
If the policyholder has availed a loan under the plan and the outstanding balance of the loan and the applicable interest rate exceeds the surrender value, the policy would be terminated by the insurance company. This early termination of the policy is called foreclosure.
A nominee is a person who is authorised by the life insured to receive the proceeds of the life insurance policy if the insured dies and a death claim occurs.
If the life insurance policy is transferred to the ownership of another individual, the process of transfer of ownership is called assignment. Assignment only changes the ownership of the policy. The insured would remain the same.
If any change is made to an existing life insurance policy, the change is made through an endorsement.
Policyholders can change their address, contact details, premium paying frequency, sum assured, add or remove a nominee, etc. Some endorsements would require the permission of the company while some can be done by simple intimation.
A life insurance policy is issued on the basis of the information furnished in the proposal form. It is a policy of utmost good faith. If you answer anything incorrectly or hide an important information from the company and the said information affects your risk, your claim might be rejected by the insurance company.
The nominee should inform the insurance company about the claim. The death certificate of the insured should be submitted and a claim form should be filled stating the details of the policy. Then the insurance company would check the forms and settle the claim.
Money back plans are anticipated endowment plans. They also have death as well as maturity benefit like Regular Endowment Plans, with the only difference that rather than paying the sum assured in one lump sum on maturity, money back plans pay a portion of the sum assured periodically during the policy tenure. These plans, thus, provide liquidity. The survival, maturity and death benefits are given below:
a.Survival Benefit= % of the Sum Assured as per the policy schedule on the pre-defined year. For example, 10% of the Sum Assured is paid every 5 years, i.e. on survival,
b.Maturity Benefit= Remaining Sum Assured + Bonus (if applicable) is paid to the policyholder if the life insured survives the entire policy tenure and the policy ends.
Thus, in the previous example, the remaining 60% of the Sum Assured + Bonus (if applicable) would be paid at the end of the policy tenure as Maturity Benefit.
c. Death Benefit= Sum Assured + Bonus (if applicable) is paid to the nominee if the life insured dies within the policy tenure irrespective of the amount already paid as survival benefit and the policy ends.
Bonus declarations, guaranteed additions or loyalty additions might also be paid with the death or maturity benefit, if applicable.
There are 2 types of pension plans namely Deferred pension plans and immediate annuity pension plans, the details are as mentioned below:
a. Deferred pension plans – under these plans,
b. Immediate annuity plans – under these plans,